Seventy-five Years Ago…the Triumphs, Tragedies, and Brilliant Trickeries of the Invasion of D-Day

An inflatable dummy tank modelled after the M4 Sherman during Operation Fortitude, Southern England, United Kingdom, 1944. (Photo by Galerie Bilderwelt/Getty Images)

Dear Reader:

June 6, 1944, the 75th Anniversary of the famous D-Day Invasion of Normandy is today…the day (literally) the tide was turned …and from that point on …the Allies began gaining territories back from Germany, the Axis Powers…sealing the outcome of WWII by the United States and her courageous Allies… the victors.

As an American History teacher…I always saved the last week of school to show the movie The Longest Day (it was also the longest movie made to date at that time) and it literally took a week of classes to complete it. The students were spellbound…even in black and white while reading the German conversations with written sub-titles.

We  spent a lot of time on the significance of D-Day and all the planning that went into it under utmost secrecy.

The students knew Teddy Roosevelt, Jr’s ships would mistakenly  land on Utah Beach (due to the currents) and not Omaha as scheduled…with Roosevelt’s famous words…“Well..we will just start the war from here!” (Henry Fonda played the part of Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. in The Longest Day)

Roosevelt was assigned as assistant division commander of the 4th Infantry Division. In this role, he led the first wave of troops ashore at Utah Beach during the Normandy Landings in June 1944. He was the only general and the oldest (56) ….(also known as the toughest officer) to lead his men into battle on D-Day. He remained calm and directed his men into battle.

He died in France of a heart attack the following month; at the time of his death, he had been recommended for the Distinguished Service Cross  to recognize his heroism at Normandy. The recommendation was subsequently upgraded, and Roosevelt was a posthumous recipient of the Medal of Honor. 

Roosevelt Jr. died of a heart attack on July 12, 1944, shortly after the D-Day invasion, and was buried next to his brother Quentin Roosevelt, who was shot down and killed during World War I.

 

We had also studied a lot about all the tricks that went into deceiving the Germans as to the actual site of the invasion…”The key objective of Operation Bodyguard was to convince the Germans that the invasion of northwest Europe would come later than planned but also convince the German high command to expect attacks in Norway, the Balkans, the Mediterranean coast off France or, most notably, the Pas de Calais region…the narrowest stretch of land between the bodies of water.” 

In order to pull off this most critical deception of the real invasion location… several prevarications were devised…one being Operation Fortitude.

“Fortitude was to suggest that a larger invasion would occur in Norway or Calais and that Normandy was really a decoy. The overall operation was broken down into two parts: Fortitude South and Fortitude North. South was intended to mislead the Germans that the Allies were building up for an invasion at Pas de Calais, the narrowest part of the English Channel; while North was designed to convince the Germans that the Allies would launch an invasion of Norway.”

“Because the Germans didn’t know where the real invasion was coming there weren’t a lot of soldiers actually at the beach, but they had a lot of troops inland.”  “Fortitude and its smaller operations helped convince the Germans not to move to Normandy immediately.”

A phantom army had to be built using fake tanks, fake landing crafter (“BigBobs”) and dummy paratroopers (“Ruperts.”)

(British Fake Tanks)

“Big Bobs”- display of dummy landing craft, which were made of wood and canvas and nicknamed “Bigbobs” as well as inflatable tanks.

I remember one scene in the movie “The Longest Day” showing the Germans’ surprised expressions when they went after  “Allied”paratroopers falling from the sky… only to discover they were dummy paratroopers…nicknamed “Ruperts.”

As each decoy Rupert was dropped from the planes…they were told to “Go get’em for God and country.”

Shoulder patch of the 135th Airborne Division, a non-existent “ghost” unit that was part of the First United States Army Group. (Collection of Peter Suciu)

So until tomorrow…We have talked so many times on the blog posts about how important creativity is …schools need to produce students who can think outside the box…the Invasion of Normandy is a prime example of the importance of creativity in critical situations and how it can literally change history.

Today we should remember the thousands of American and Allied soldiers who sacrificed their lives during this famous invasion so that we can live in freedom….let’s make sure that as “WE, the People” we are vigilant of this tremendous responsibility…let freedom continue to ring for all its citizens.

“Today is my favorite day”  Winnie the Pooh

It is amazing what a little natural rainfall can do that a hose can’t…after two afternoons of some scattered showers the plants and flowers are already starting to look better and healthier than I have seen them in weeks.

Advertisements

About Becky Dingle

I was born a Tarheel but ended up a Sandlapper. My grandparents were cotton farmers in Laurens, South Carolina and it was in my grandmother’s house that my love of storytelling began beside an old Franklin stove. When I graduated from Laurens High School, I attended Erskine College (Due West of what?) and would later get my Masters Degree in Education/Social Studies from Charleston Southern. I am presently an adjunct professor/clinical supervisor at CSU and have also taught at the College of Charleston. For 28 years I taught Social Studies through storytelling. My philosophy matched Rudyard Kipling’s quote: “If history were taught in the form of stories, it would never be forgotten.” Today I still spread this message through workshops and presentations throughout the state. The secret of success in teaching social studies is always in the story. I want to keep learning and being surprised by life…it is the greatest teacher. Like Kermit said, “When you’re green you grow, when you’re ripe you rot.”
This entry was posted in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

5 Responses to Seventy-five Years Ago…the Triumphs, Tragedies, and Brilliant Trickeries of the Invasion of D-Day

  1. Beverly Dufford says:

    Thanks for this. It is important that we never forget that freedom isn’t free. I saw some of the veterans of that day on the news as they revisited the sight and spoke with reporter about memories. One of them actually parachuted out of a plane in remembrance of how he arrived there 75 years ago. Of course, he was in his 90’s (still very brave, I’d say). History is so important for so many reasons. Although we don’t live our lives looking in the rear view mirror, we do need to understand the past if we are to appreciate the present and change the future for the better. (Just takes a day like today to put an old history teacher on a soapbox, but I am so grateful to be an American.)

    Like

    • Becky Dingle says:

      Me too Jo and realize more and more I need to walk the talk and when I see things that are morally wrong and don’t represent what our country should mean to the world I must speak out… “Eternal Vigilance is the Price of Liberty,” is attributed to Thomas Jefferson. …on the side of the National Archives Building in Washington, DC.

      Like

  2. bcparkison says:

    The saddest thing is that the past worked so hard for freedom and today we have people trying so hard to give it away.
    Yea! for the rain drops that keep falling on my head…and garden flowers.

    Like

    • Becky Dingle says:

      Freedom is never easy but always worth the struggle and courage to keep it alive and viable for our next generations. We can’t stay silent and watch our freedoms slowly disappear.

      Liked by 1 person

  3. Rachel Edwards says:

    When I was doing a long term sub job at BHES I helped the 5th graders in the lab doing their research on WWII. When I mentioned that my Mother remembered the day that Pearl Harbor was attacked they immediately asked if she could come and talk to the students. Unfortunately she was in NC, but through the help of Joan Naugle I located a man who had worked stateside at a camp neat Camp David where they trained soldiers how to think like Germans….a new way of fighting wars at that time. He came and spoke and did an excellent job talking about how they trained the soldiers to use methods to figure out what the Germans were doing. I asked Joan recently about him and he is still alive. Such a smart and interesting person. He was selected b/c he spoke German.and yes, like Jo said and you …if we don’t learn from history we will repeat it.

    Like

Leave a Reply to Beverly Dufford Cancel reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.